By Roger Crowley
A gripping exploration of the autumn of Constantinople and its connection to the realm we are living in today.
The fall of Constantinople in 1453 signaled a shift in background and the top of the Byzantium Empire. Roger Crowley's readable and accomplished account of the conflict among Mehmet II, sultan of the Ottoman Empire, and Constantine XI, the 57th emperor of Byzantium, illuminates the interval in heritage that was once a precursor to the present clash among the West and the center East.
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Extra resources for 1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West
During the minister’s stay there, the tribesmen approached him from all sides asking permission to submit and offering their loyalty. Among them – were the people of Sabya22 who came forward and presented themselves to him. They offered their fealty and submission, whereupon he welcomed them, handing them gifts and clothes and treating them with courtesy. They went off full of appreciation for the meeting with him and praising his kindness for such personal contact. Tribesmen from Yemen thronged to him in large numbers, offering submission and seeking peace, surrendering and capitulating without prevarication or  hesitation.
However, they realised that he had escaped and reported the fact to Mutahhar who, seeing that he had got away and that none could catch him, regretted not having imprisoned him, with the words, ‘We’ve begrudged using ten weights of iron on the Da‘i ‘Abdullah. ’ And the tyrant began to bite his hands, full of regret over him. Then he bore down hard on the rest of the commanders in prison, separating them among different strongholds and increasing the weight of their fetters which for each commander now weighed half a qantar39 of iron.
The Ottoman government, Almighty God make its sultanate last for ever and give victory to its armies and servants, when it was told of the capture of Aden, nearly lost heart for fear that the cursed Franks would occupy it. For its port was extremely well defended and fortiﬁed, with incomparable equipment, war apparatus, cannon and guns; and if it fell into the hands of the wretched Franks, it would be difﬁcult to regain it due to their knowledge of artillery and cannon ﬁre and their care for ports and castles, in contrast to the Arabs who lacked such necessary knowledge.