By Frank W. Walbank
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Additional info for A Historical Commentary on Polybius, Vol. 3: Commentary on Books 19-40
1–8, 44. 4–21), we cannot know in what context or indeed in which year P. introduced it. Since 23. 1–4, on Crete and Rhodes, stands at a point in de legat. gent. between 21. 5 (res Italiae) and 27. 1 (res Asiae)—which is in turn followed by 28 (res Italiae)—it is likely that 23. 1–4 is from the res Graeciae of Ol. 153, 2 = 167/6. Because it includes an embassy to Rome, which arrived in summer 166 (23. 3), Koperberg, 64–5, would include it under res Italiae of Ol. 153, 2 = 167/6; but the first part of the excerpt hardly fits res Italiae, whereas because of the unusual time of its arrival, the embassy may well have been mentioned en passant under res Graeciae.
445 is erroneous, and that Ol. 151 was covered in book xxvi. This leaves two olympiads, 149 and 150, for three books, xxiii, xxiv, and xxv. There is no quite conclusive evidence showing what the division was; for an apparent dearth of events may merely mirror the excerptors' choice or the extent to which Livy has drawn on P. Moreover the lacunae in our text of Livy xli make this a poor guide in any case. Nevertheless, the material that has survived favours the hypothesis that Ol. 149, 1–2 was dealt with in xxiii, Ol.
C. 590 = 164. These excerpts will therefore be part of the res Italiae of Ol. 153, 4 = 165/4. This gets some confirmation from Livy, ep. 46, which puts the Rhodian embassy which secured the alliance of Rome and Prusias' complaints before the lustrum of 164 (cf. Koperberg, 80; Habicht, RE, 'Prusias (2)', col. 1114), though indeed the Livian periochae are often unreliable on the sequence of events. On the transposing of 30. 7–8 from its original place following 32. 10 see above, p. 30; and for the likelihood that xxxi.