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By Steve Tsang

From a little-known fishing group on the outer edge of China, Hong Kong constructed into one of many world's so much fabulous and cosmopolitan towns after a century and a 1/2 British imperial rule. The heritage of Hong Kong, from its career by means of the British in 1841 to its go back to chinese language sovereignty in 1997, is an interesting tale of East assembly West. This booklet addresses the altering relatives among the neighborhood chinese language and expatriate groups in 156 years of British rule, and the emergence of a neighborhood id. It explains the significance of China as an element in its improvement and the origins of the so-called "1997 problems," therefore examining the underlying purposes for the increase of a liberal society dedicated to the rule of thumb of legislation with no democracy.

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As a result, Hong Kong was subjected to Treasury control. This meant its government had to submit its annual estimates to London every year before they could take effect or be put to the Legislative Council. This requirement was rigorously enforced until 1858, several years after Hong Kong ceased to receive a Treasury subvention. 41 In its early days, the Treasury was keen to hold its financial burden to the lowest level and thus required the colonial government to keep its expenses to a bare minimum.

21 To the restless British, his approach reinforced the stereotypical image of the inscrutable Chinese mandarin. Thus, in the middle of the 1850s, senior British and Chinese officials in the Canton region did not have the mutual understanding, trust and good working relationship needed to defuse a major crisis even if either or both sides wished to do so. Against this background, in early October 1856, the detention by the Chinese authorities in the harbour of Canton of a lorcha, the Arrow, quickly escalated into a major incident and the immediate cause for a new war.

As a result the British sought to secure the authority of the Chinese Emperor against any untoward ambitions of other Western powers, particularly France, and subsequently against the Taiping and other rebels within China. 39 The British had no intention of turning China into a second India in light of the enormous costs involved in its administration. The British policy was a classic manifestation of what has since been described as the imperialism of free trade. 40 It was in the course of this conflict – and as a sideshow – that the British Empire took over the tip of the mainland opposite the island of Hong Kong known as Kowloon.

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