By Michæl Meeker
This cutting edge learn of recent Turkey is the results of decades of ethnographic fieldwork and archival study. Michael Meeker expertly combines anthropological and historic the right way to learn the transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic in an important sector of the rustic, the japanese Black beach. His most important discovering is state-oriented provincial oligarchy performed a key position in successive courses of reform over the process greater than 2 hundred years of imperial and nationwide historical past. As Meeker demonstrates, top contributors sponsored through interpersonal networks made up our minds the end result of the modernizing method, first through the westernizing interval of the Empire, then through the progressive interval of the Republic.To know the way this kind of state-oriented provincial oligarchy used to be produced and reproduced alongside the japanese Black coastline, Meeker integrates a latest ethnographic examine of public existence in cities and villages with a ancient learn of professional files, consular studies, and go back and forth narratives. A country of Empire presents anthropologists, historians, and scholars of jap Europe and the center East with a brand new figuring out of the complexities and contradictions of recent Turkish adventure.
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Extra resources for A Nation of Empire: The Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity
40 Looking into the past seemed to be a way of understanding what could be glimpsed only obscurely in the present. In the course of my interviews, the outlines of a social order, apart from the state order, seemed to come more clearly into focus. Furthermore, I had also learned that the district of Of was in no way unique or peculiar. A social order that had come into being with a breakdown in the state order had been duplicated, not only in the near neighboring districts to the east and west, but throughout the old province of Trabzon.
26 Furthermore, these theories would also explain why groups of agnates, that is, the members of different patrilineal descent groups (clans), would unite with and divide from one another. The members of each clan would look for allies in order to protect themselves from enemies, and they would generally ﬁnd these allies among more distant clans, rather than among neighboring clans, who would be their nearest competitors. By this logic, a checkerboard pattern of clan alliances and oppositions could be expected to emerge during conditions of insecurity.
The monopoly of the directorships and chairmanships by the Selimog˘lu, together with their support by other associated large family groupings, spanned many years, going back to the ﬁrst two decades of the Turkish Republic. Clan-Society and Nation-State / 11 At ﬁrst it seemed that this situation was not altogether surprising or unusual. Since a majority of the residents of the town may have had the same surname, one could expect most ofﬁceholders would be selected from the Selimog˘lu. Similarly, one could also explain the large proportion of the members of other large family groupings who appeared as councilmen and committeemen.