By James Reilly
Celebrated for its old water wheels, the city of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama was once a stopover at the significant north-south highway of Syria in addition to the heart of a neighborhood monetary region of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. via the early 20th century a couple of elite and extraordinary households had come to dominate the political and fiscal lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, surroundings the degree for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide lifestyles in the course of the French Mandate and post-colonial classes. established largely on neighborhood judicial documents, this e-book is a social heritage of Hama over the past centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and fiscal constructions that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the historic adjustments of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae contain women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, signify a cross-section of a center jap society as they entered the area of worldwide markets, eu empires, and smooth states.
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Extra resources for A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
The other side of the coin was that familial interdependence also had the potential to create bitter conflicts over property and inheritance. Women played subordinate roles within a male-dominated family structure, but they were by no means passive. Women of the lower classes particularly took part in household production and the extension of credit to relatives’ business enterprises. Lower-class women did not hesitate to assert their rights in court when they believed that relatives or outsiders had treated them unjustly or 111 112 Jan.
1844, p. 253. g. LCR Hama 42:323, doc. 653, 12 Ramadan 1144/ 9 March 1732; 42:344, doc. 705, ghurrat Muharram 1145/ 24 June 1732; 46:156, doc. 328 [pt. 1], 22 Rabi‘ I 1208/ 28 Oct. 1793; 46:159, doc. 334 [pt. 1], salkh Rabi‘ I 1208/ 5 Nov. 1793; 46:193, doc. 436, 11 Sha‘ban 1208/ 14 March 1794; 53:3, 9 Sha‘ban 1265/ 30 June 1849; 53:5, ghayat Shawwal 1265/ 17 Sept. 1849; 53:17, 19 Safar 1266/ 4 Jan. 1850; 53:45, 14 Sha‘ban 1266/ 25 June 1850. On public health in Hama see the critical comments of a local historian of the early twentieth century, Sabuni, in Tarikh Hamah, 116–118.
705, ghurrat Muharram 1145/ 24 June 1732; 46:270, doc. 565, 27 Rabi‘ II 1213/ 8 Oct. 1798; 53:20, 14 Rabi‘ I 1266/ 28 Jan. 1850. Representative examples include LCR Hama 42:338, doc. 691, awakhir Dhu al-Qa‘da 1144/ 25 May 1732; 46:149, doc. 312, 24 Safar 1208/ 1 Oct. 1793. By the mid-nineteenth century it was common for widows to receive delayed brideswealth in the form of cash, along with shares in jointly held residences which could then be consolidated through purchase and sale. See LCR Hama 53:52, 24 Ramadan 1266/ 3 Aug.