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Download Bauhaus: 1919-1933 (Temporis Collection) by Michael Siebenbrodt, Lutz Schöbe PDF

By Michael Siebenbrodt, Lutz Schöbe

The Bauhaus move (meaning the "house of building") built in 3 German towns - it all started in Weimar among 1919 and 1925, then endured in Dessau, from 1925 to 1932, and eventually led to 1932-1933 in Berlin. 3 leaders presided over the expansion of the move: Walter Gropius, from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer, from 1928 to 1930, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, from 1930 to 1933. based by means of Gropius within the relatively conservative urban of Weimar, the recent capital of Germany, which had simply been defeated by means of the opposite ecu countries within the First global battle, the move turned a flamboyant reaction to this humiliation.

Combining new types in structure, layout, and portray, the Bauhaus aspired to be an expression of a generational utopia, striving to unfastened artists dealing with a society that remained conservative regardless of the innovative efforts of the post-war interval. utilizing the main smooth fabrics, the Bauhaus was once born out of the precepts of William Morris and the humanities and Crafts circulate, introducing new varieties, encouraged through the main traditional of items, into lifestyle. The shuttering of the heart in Berlin by means of the Nazis in 1933 didn't placed an finish to the flow, in view that a lot of its individuals selected the trail of exile and proven themselves within the usa. even though all of them went in several instructions artistically, their paintings shared a similar starting place. the main influential one of the Bauhaus artists have been Anni Albers, Josef Albers, Marianne Brandt, Marcel Breuer, Lyonel Feininger, Ludwig Hilberseimer, Paul Klee, Wassily Kandisky, and Lothar Schreyer. via a sequence of lovely reproductions, this paintings offers an summary of the Bauhaus period, together with the historical past, impact, and significant figures of this progressive stream, which became daily life into artwork.

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Lyonel Feininger, too, emigrated in 1937 to the USA with Herbert Bayer, while Johannes Itten was drawn to Zurich in 1939. Bauhaus teachers Oskar Schlemmer, Georg Muche and Gerhard Marcks, whose works had been categorised as “degenerate”, however, stayed in Germany. A large proportion of Bauhaus graduates and former students got by in the Third Reich in some form or other, often moving between conformity and resistance. Some of them were unable to find work in any architectural office or advertising company, while some made careers for themselves.

In this part of his class Schlemmer also presented his view of the world, which largely followed the philosophy of the Romanticist Ricarda Huch (1873-1913) and was characterised by a striving for an integral whole. Thus, he saw man as a creature of nature in the unity of body, soul and spirit embedded in a scientific, psychological and ideological system. Friedrich Engemann, Canon of Human Proportions drawing after Albrecht Dürer’s Four Books on Measurement, study from the course with Oskar Schlemmer, 1927 Walter Köppe, Composition I, study from the course with Oskar Schlemmer, 1928 58 With his classes on Man, Schlemmer wanted to convey something like an “ideology” to the Bauhaus students, which should ideally enable them to react appropriately to contemporary trends and the demands of the day.

24 This kind of context-independent instruction of design principles considered “absolute” and thus prescribed was not free from the “danger of paralysis in schematic formalism”. 25 Klee and Kandinsky’s form and colour theory was primarily, as Oskar Schlemmer stated, a key to their own realm but also an aid for the students’ design practise, “since beyond the framework of form and the colour scale begin the imponderables: the immeasurable, incalculable, mystical …”26 52 Paul Klee taught design theory from 1921 to 1932 as part of the preparatory course and parallel to it.

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