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Download Biomedical Ethics Reviews · 1992 by Nicholas G. Fotion (auth.), James M. Humber, Robert F. PDF

By Nicholas G. Fotion (auth.), James M. Humber, Robert F. Almeder (eds.)

Biomedical Ethics studies: 1992 is the 10th quantity in a chain of texts designed to check and replace the literature on problems with relevant value in bioethics this present day. themes are mentioned within the current quantity: (1) Bioethics and the army, and (2) obligatory contraception. every one subject constitutes a separate part in our textual content; introductory essays in short summarize the contents of every part. Bioethics is, by means of its nature, interdisciplinary in personality. Recog­ nizing this truth, the authors represented within the current quantity have made each attempt to reduce using technical jargon. whilst, we think the aim of offering a evaluate of the hot literature, in addition to of advancing bioethical dialogue, is definitely served by way of the items accrued herein. we glance ahead to the subsequent quantity in our sequence, and intensely a lot wish the reader also will. James M. Humber Robert F. Almeder vii members Paul Christopher • division of English and Philosophy department, US army Academy, West aspect, long island Gerard Elfstrom • division of Philosophy, Auburn college, Auburn, Alabama Nicholas Fotion • division of Philosophy, Emory collage, Atlanta, Georgia Martin Gunderson • division of Philosophy, Macalester collage, St.

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Example text

On the other hand, those concerned with the protection of individual rights sometimes find the military policy of discharging those who test positive for AIDS harsh. Similar treatment by a civilian employer could be both illegal and unacceptable in humanitarian terms. How does the Department of Defense avoid such characterization? The answer, in part, is that the situation of the military has long been considered a special case under law. The Supreme Court enunciated its unique status in a 1974 decision, Parker v.

They incur an obligation to provide for the welfare of individual members, which today includes medical care and pension considerations if a specified period of service is completed. Such obligation, however, must be consistent with the broad social objectives for which the military exists: national security and the protection of our core values. Thus, in considering the disposition of AIDS victims, the military hierarchy must consider not only its commitment to fulfilling the broad mandates of the society it defends but also its responsibility for the welfare of those members not HIV -infected.

The US system, in other words, saved lives when compared to the German medical service but was slower to return personnel to battle. Thus, if the US military seriously wished to grant "conserving the fighting strength" priority over that of restoring health, it would adopt a system of field medical treatment akin to that devised by the Germans. 12 Doctrine aside, therefore, the actual practice of the US field medical service in World War II accorded with the civilian physician's mandate to offer optimal care to the individual.

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