By Mustafa Bilgin
'Britain and Turkey within the center East' is the 1st e-book to appreciate the advance of the chilly conflict within the heart East by means of exploring the Turkish case and is important to greedy the character of Western method generally and British and Turkish technique specifically in this interval. within the first paintings documenting Anglo-Turkish relatives within the heart East within the early chilly conflict interval, Mustafa Bilgin identifies very designated phases within the courting among Britain and Turkey. sooner than 1952 Turkey relied seriously on Britain to guard it from the 'Soviet menace'. In go back for Britain's help, Turkey acted as a good dealer in Britain's more and more tough relatives with key center jap states resembling Egypt, Iran and Iraq. besides the fact that, Turkey's realisation that it will possibly no longer depend upon Britain, inspired through Britain's blocking off of Turkish club of NATO in 1952, ended in a brand new alliance among Turkey and the USA.
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Extra info for Britain and Turkey in the Middle East: Politics and Influence in the Early Cold War Era
This eventually led to the construction of a strategic relationship which became a characteristic feature in Anglo-Ottoman relations after Russia began to threaten their interests in the Mediterranean from 1774 onwards. Preservation of Ottoman territorial integrity was crucial to the safety of the shortest British imperial route to India. Thereafter, Anglo-Ottoman strategic relations reached their climax in the form of their collaboration in the Crimean War of 1853–56 which ensured that for once the Ottoman Empire ended up on the winning side in a war with Russia.
Turkey’s interests lie with Britain and France in case a war breaks out…’131 Moreover, the Turkish Army’s request132 to take part in the war on the Italian Front in late January 1945 were clear signs that Turkey had a desire to enter the war if she would have received an adequate military assistance in 1944. However, the British inability to provide modern weapons helped ùnönü to keep Turkey out of war. Therefore, Turkey’s inability to take part in the war was not a result of its resolute attitude but rather as a result of her inadequate readiness which was due to Britain.
53 This was the general policy which Britain followed until 19 October 1922, when the Lloyd George Cabinet resigned owing to opposition criticism of his pro-Greek policy, which collapsed with the defeat of the Greek Armies by the Turks in the summer of 1922. 54 In October a general election was held in Turkey, and the nationalists won a majority. The nationalist deputies to the new government met at Ankara in November 1919 and drew up the National Pact, declaring the aims of the new movement and rejecting the proposals of the Allies.