By Raffaele D'Amato
After the recapture of Constantinople, Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos was resolute to deliver glory again to the Byzantine Empire. to accomplish this, he demonstrated an Imperial Fleet and raised new regiments of elite marine troops. This paintings presents a complete, illustrated advisor to the unit historical past and visual appeal of those males, who have been on the innovative of the final nice flourish of Byzantine naval strength. They received victory after victory in campaigns in the course of the 1260s-70s, and even though successive sessions of decline and partial resurrection undefined, those marine devices survived till the final sparkles of Byzantine resistance have been extinguished. Drawing upon early literary assets, the wealthy proof of interval illuminated manuscripts, frescoes and different iconography, Raffaele DAmato info the lasting legacy of the swansong of Byzantine naval strength.
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Additional resources for Byzantine Naval Forces 1261-1461: The Roman Empire’s Last Marines
Four concave segments, placed vertically and fastened with small rivets, are united at the bottom by a riveted horizontal band, in which there are still small holes to attach a chinstrap and a soft inner lining. The apex was closed by a small cap or ‘lid’, and fragments of ringmail found with the helmet show the presence of a mail aventail, as illustrated in the Geraki frescoes. Local shapes of helmets linked to the Mediterranean tradition were widely used both by the Eastern Romans and the Venetians.
Another crescent and eight-rayed sun surrounded by three suns may be seen at St George of the Castle. The red-brown shield of St George painted in the early 14th century in the Church of St John Chrisostomos shows ‘meanders’ in ochre, enclosed by a double line of white dots (probably representing silver nails, or even pearls), and an eight-rayed sun within a central crescent of light brown colour. In the Church of St Athanasios, St George’s shield again has the crescent moon with eight-rayed sun, and around it radiant ‘planets’ of circular shape (see page 39).
Note his composite bow and his typical Caucasian cap. (Plate by Peter Dennis) G: BATTLE OF THE ECHINADES ISLANDS, 1427 G1: Megas Dukas Demetrios Laskaris Leontarios The miniatures in the Vergilio Riccardiano manuscript suggest that by the first half of the 15th century full ‘white’ plate armours in Western style were used by Roman senior commanders and archontes. His sword is of Venetian typology. G2: Byzantine ‘Greek Fire’ specialist This man’s chapel-de-fer is of German origin, and his body protection is mainly of leather.