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Download Cardiac Reconstructions with Allograft Valves by Richard A. Hopkins M.D. (auth.) PDF

By Richard A. Hopkins M.D. (auth.)

A significant want of all cardiologists and surgeons concerned with the appliance of allograft tissue to cardiac surgical reconstructions is met by means of this detailed atlas. step-by-step, it rigorously describes the approaches fascinated about buying, sterilizing, and cryo-preserving allograft valves in addition to the surgical procedure utilized in left and correct ventricular outflow tract reconstructions. the entire info had to practice the reconstructions is given, together with appropriate references and acceptable diversifications in approach. first-class illustrations accompany the outline of surgical method. the entire ideas are according to vintage ways, yet assimilate the authors' variations arrived at via significant event. The wealth of references, illustrations and services during this quantity make it a necessary asset for all cardiac surgeons.

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42. 43. arterial smooth muscle cells. Cell Biollnt Rep 11:103-110, 1987. ] Electron Micros 33:239-241, 1984. Jackowski S, Leibo SP, Mazur P: Glycerol permeabilities of fertilized and unfertilized mouse ova. ] Exp Zool 212:329, 1980. Thorpe PE, Knight SC, Farrant J: Optimal conditions for the preservation of mouse lymph node cells in liquid nitrogen using cooling rate techniques. Cryobiology 13:126, 1976. Graham JK, Foote RH: Effect of several lipids, fatty acyl chain length, and degree of unsaturation on the motility of bull spermatozoa after cold shock and freezing.

2 It now becomes important to find out why they perform so well. Factors Affecting Cellular Viability , It is well established that cooling in the absence of solvent freezing is normally not harmful to the typical cell. , pig spermatozoa and embryos, 3 and is described as thermal or cold shock. 4 Direct chilling injury depends on the rate of cooling, and a rapid cooling rate appears to induce more cellular damage than a slow cooling rate. Damage is generally associated with loss of selective membrane permeability and cytoplasmic streaming, cell volume changes, alterations in the cytoskeleton components (actin), and differential loss of membrane components (phospholipids are preferentially lost compared to cholestero15).

Cryobiology 13:404, 1976. Whittingham DG, Leibo SP, Mazur P: Survival of mouse embryos frozen to -196 and -269°C. Science 178:411, 1972. Deck JD: Endothelial cell orientation on aortic valve leaflets. Cardiovasc Res 20:760-767, 1986. Barnett RE: The effects of dimethylsulfoxide and glycerol on Na+, K+-ATPase and membrane structure. Cryobiology 15:227, 1978. Katsuda, S, Okada Y, Nakanishi I: Oimethyl sulfoxide induces microtubule formation in cultured 3-Biology of Heart Valve Cryopreservation 28.

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