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Download Children Solving Problems (The Developing Child) by Stephanie Thornton PDF

By Stephanie Thornton

Problem-solving abilities evolve via event and dynamic interplay with an issue. yet both important--as the Russian psychologist L. S. Vygotsky proposed--is social interplay. winning problem-solving is a social approach. Sharing problem-solving tasks--with expert adults and with different children--is very important to a kid's progress in services and self belief. In problem-solving, self assurance will be extra very important than ability. In a true experience, problem-solving lies on the middle of what we suggest by way of intelligence. the power to spot a aim, to see easy methods to in attaining it, and to hold out that plan is the essence of each clever job. might it's, Thornton indicates, that problem-solving techniques give you the basic equipment for cognitive improvement? In kids fixing difficulties she synthesizes the dramatic insights and findings of post-Piagetian study and units the schedule for the subsequent level in figuring out the various phenomena of kid's problem-solving.

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Example text

At first it seems absurd to say that logical problemsolving does not involve logical mental processes. But there is nothing contradictory in this. There is no reason why a process should resemble the product it produces. For example, a fire produces ash, but its flames do not resemble the ash in any way. A process (such as combustion) need not share any structural property with the product (the ash) it creates. It is not necessary for logical inferences to be produced by a process with the structural properties of logic.

8 (So, for example, most people are more confident that the Labrador shown at the top of Figure 7 is a dog than that the Portuguese Water Dog or the Chinese Crested Dog are. ) As with inferences from recall, it is normally appropriate to infer that things that look alike are alike. ). There is every reason to suppose that even very young children draw inferences from similarities and from what they can recall, just as adults do. 9 Certainly, drawing inferences in this way is the natural thing to do: it is natural to assume that two things that look alike are alike, and to base judgments on information we can bring to mind, rather than on anything else.

But in familiar situations, logical validity is sometimes in conflict with factual accuracy. In such situations, young children and adults alike are prone to abandon logic and base their responses on what they know to be true. Older individuals are more able to resist this tendency where it is appropriate to do so and more able to recognize when it is appropriate. Logic is only one of the strategies available to the problem-solver, and it is not necessarily the preferred approach, even where it would be the most effective one.

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