By Bin Liang, Hong Lu, Terance D. Miethe
Within the context of world efforts to regulate the creation, distribution, and use of narcotic medicinal drugs, China's therapy of the matter offers an incredible technique of figuring out the social, political, and monetary limits of nationwide and overseas guidelines to control drug practices. within the 19th and early 20th centuries, China used to be recognized for its nationwide dependancy to opium, yet its drug-eradication campaigns from the Fifties to the Seventies completed unheard of good fortune that finally remodeled China right into a 'drug-free' society. because the fiscal reforms and open-door coverage of the overdue 20th century, despite the fact that, China is now dealing with a re-emergence of the construction, use, and trafficking of narcotic medications. using case reviews and a comparative historic strategy, and drawing on numerous info assets together with ancient documents, reliable crime information just recently made on hand, and information studies, this publication is the 1st English-language book to supply this sort of finished documentation and research of the character of China's felony rules of managed elements. The authors additionally provide theoretical techniques for learning drug law, elements of drug intake cultures, the socio-political therapy of gear in the course of quite a few ancient sessions, and ongoing efforts to legislate drug exchange, criminalize drug use, and deal with the drug addict inhabitants inside of nationwide and overseas contexts.
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Extra resources for China's Drug Practices and Policies: Regulating Controlled Substances in a Global Context
H owever, the government made it clear publicly that commercial interests should always be subordinate to political interests. Nevertheless, behind the official public policy, private individuals, local organizations, and even the central government profited from trade, particularly the enormous profits from the opium trade (Wakeman 1978, 163–212). 10 T he Qing government’s defeat in these wars resulted in the following activities: • • • • • the emergence of a treaty system that led to the dramatic increase in the number of treaty ports from five in 1842 to 50 in 1911; the expansion of foreign extra-territorial consular jurisdictional rights over treaty-power nationals, their property, trade, and industry, along with foreign shipping privileges in Chinese waters; the employment of foreign administrators in various important posts such as customs, post office, and salt revenue administrations; the expansion of missionary work; the opening of Western schools, hospitals, and churches (Fairbank 1978a, 3–4).
The Consumption and Control of Illegal Substances 15 was virtually eradicated from the 1950s until the 1970s but reemerged upon economic reforms made after 1978. Chapter 5 applies existing functionalist and conflict theories to explain change and stability in patterns of drug-related activities across the different periods of Chinese history. It focuses on the ability of these theories to identify the major social, political, and economic forces that account for the nature of legal regulation and control of drug-related activities in specific historical periods.
It explores patterns of change and stability in social, political, and economic conditions over distinct periods of the PR C’s history and their impact on legal efforts to control drug consumption, cultivation, and trade. The first 30 years (1949–1978) represented the Mao era when strict state control in political, economic, social, and cultural arenas was widely practiced. The second phase of the PRC history occurs after 1978 and is marked by its “Open Door” policy and economic reforms. O ur analysis in this chapter focuses on the social context of these two stages of the PR C history in which illicit drug activity T hese contradictions and competing interests include national interests vs.