By Yip Po-Ching, Don Rimmington
Chinese: A accomplished Grammar is a whole reference consultant to chinese language grammar.
It offers a clean and available description of the language, targeting the true styles of use in smooth chinese language. The Grammar is a necessary reference resource for the learner and consumer of chinese language, without reference to point. it truly is perfect to be used in faculties, schools, universities and grownup periods of every kind and should stay the normal reference paintings for years to come.
The quantity is geared up to advertise a radical knowing of chinese language grammar. It bargains a stimulating research of the complexities of the language, and gives complete and transparent motives. all through, the emphasis is on chinese language as utilized by present-day local speakers.
An huge index and numbered paragraphs supply readers with easy accessibility to the data they require.
* thorough and complete insurance of the fashionable language
* use of script and romanisation throughout
* targeted remedy of universal grammatical buildings and components of speech
* broad and wide-ranging use of examples
* specific realization to components of bewilderment and hassle
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Additional info for Chinese: A Comprehensive Grammar (Comprehensive Grammars)
As the use of measure words is a relatively recent development in the history of the language, it is not unusual that in expressions derived from Classical Chinese one finds numerals directly associated with nouns. For example: yi shi wu cheng (lit. one thing without success) to have accomplished nothing M yi xie burii yi xie (lit. one crab smaller than another crab) each one is worst than the last iil yi ye zhang mil | bu jian taishan (lit. one leaf screens one's eye, one does not see Mount Tai) one's view of the important is obscured by the trivial HWWi§ sanyan liangyu (lit.
A crown of hat) the whole hand covered in ink (lit. a handful of ink) a hairy chin (lit. a chin of beard) a nose covered with dirt a mouth (lips) covered with grease a mouthful of stained/yellow teeth a bellyful of bad ideas water all over the floor/ground (lit. a floor of water) a table laden with food a banquet (lit. a tableful of wine) a cabinet full of clothes a tree covered in blossoms a pond of lotus flowers a scenic spot (lit. a place of scenery) Metaphor-oriented A number of measure words are associated with more abstract and descriptive notions.
It is always context-dependent. In other words, all nominalisations are contextual nominalisations. A verb or an adjective may be taken as a noun therefore only in a given context or grammatical framework: for example /"fit guangbo 'to broadcast' in origin is a verb, as in /^ft§fH guangbo xlnwen 'to broadcast news'. However, if the order of the two words is reversed, iff H / " S xlnwen guangbo will mean 'news broadcast', in which the word 'broadcast' may be said to have been nominalised according to its headword status in the collocation.