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Download Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 2: by John McManners PDF

By John McManners

During this moment quantity of McManner's magnum opus, the writer explores the kinfolk of Church and kingdom: the wealth of the clergy and their check of taxation, and their position within the reliable lifetime of the kingdom, within the courtroom at Versailles, within the military and army, in collaboration with the police, and at the scaffold. He information through the tensions in the Church institution and among clergy and laity, arriving at their denouement within the ultimate description of the descent of the reign of Louis XVI in the direction of the Revolution.

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Extra info for Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Example text

No doubt this was the usage for most ordinary funerals. Then came the requiem mass, austerely celebrated without the Pax; at the end, the clergy stood round the bier to say the Non intres in judicium, the Libere, the Kyrie and the Pater. There was a further ceremony at the graveside, ending with the Requiescat in pace. The architect of the liturgy of 1614 had been Bellarmine, who constructed it like an additional chapter to his De arte bene moriendi, a warning to the living as well as a farewell to the dead.

Though the priest must do his best to bring his penitent to reconciliation with God, he was not assessing the value of his penitence. Ignorance of the faith did not matter, provided a promise was given to seek instruction in the event of recovery. Absolution would certainly be given to a man who had lived a respectable life, and even one who had no better recommendation than nominal adherence to the Roman faith and whose dispositions 34 THE RELIGION OF THE PEOPLE were not satisfactory was likely to qualify so long as he was not in a state of mortal sin.

Restif himself, an enthusiastic attender at catechisms to meet the girls, remembered how he had joined two of them in giving interesting answers. 77 We may guess that these sorts of memories and the religious phrases so laboriously learned by heart in catechism classes bulked larger in the minds of most people than all the tales in the tracts of the Bibliothèque bleue. 78According to the Church, a marriage was founded on the free choice of the two parties. This was established in the canon law of the twelfth century, with the proviso that absolute indissolubility was suspended until the union was consummated.

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