By Lauren Kessler
Communists vilified her as a raging neurotic. Leftists brushed off her as a burdened idealist. Her kin pitied her as an exploited lover. a few stated she was once a traitor, a stooge, a mercenary and a grandstander. To others she was once a real American heroine—fearless, principled, daring and resolute. Congressional committees enjoyed her. The FBI hailed her as an avenging angel. The Catholics embraced her. however the truth is, greater than part a century after she captured the headlines because the "Red secret agent Queen," Elizabeth Bentley continues to be a mystery.
New England-born, conservatively raised, and Vassar-educated, Bentley was once groomed for a quiet existence, a small existence, which she explored in brief within the Twenties as a instructor, educating well-heeled younger ladies at the fantastic thing about Romance languages at an east coast boarding college. yet in her mid-twenties, she rejected either previous and destiny and set herself on a completely new path. within the Nineteen Thirties she embraced communism and fell in love with an undercover KGB agent who initiated her into the area of espionage. by the point the USA plunged into WWII, Elizabeth Bentley used to be directing the operations of the 2 greatest secret agent earrings in the USA. ultimately, she had 80 humans in her mystery gear, 1/2 them staff of the government. Her resources have been in all places: within the departments of Treasury and trade, in New Deal organisations, within the top-secret OSS (the precursor to the CIA), on Congressional committees, even within the Oval Office.
When she defected in 1945 and instructed her story—first to the FBI after which at a sequence of public hearings and trials—she was once catapulted to tabloid reputation because the "Red undercover agent Queen," ushering in, nearly single-handedly, the McCarthy period. She was once the government’s big name witness, the FBI’s most vital informer, and the darling of the Catholic anti-Communist move. Her disclosures and accusations positioned a halt to Russian spying for years and helped to set the tone of yankee postwar political life.
But who was once she? a wise, self sufficient girl who made her offerings freely, correct and mistaken, and had the power of personality to determine them via? Or was once she used and manipulated through others? smart lady is the definitive biography of a conflicted American lady and her debatable legacy. Set opposed to the backdrop of the political drama that outlined mid-twentieth century the United States, it explores the secret agent case whose explosive household and international coverage repercussions were debated for many years yet now not absolutely revealed—until now.
Read Online or Download Clever Girl: Elizabeth Bentley, the Spy Who Ushered in the McCarthy Era PDF
Best women books
Identified for her extraordinary work and her mystique, Georgia O'Keeffe created evocative work that mirrored her followed domestic of latest Mexico. as soon as a Wisconsin farm lady, she studied the vintage strategies of paintings, merely to reject them after a summer time paintings institution type helped her locate her personal inventive kind.
Muses and editors. Saviors and publishers. the ladies at the back of the best works of russian literature.
“Behind each sturdy guy is an effective woman” is a standard announcing, but if it involves literature, the connection among spouses is even that rather more complicated. F. Scott Fitzgerald, James Joyce, and D. H. Lawrence used their marriages for literary concept and fabric, someday on the rate in their spouses’ sanity. Thomas Carlyle sought after his spouse to aid him, yet Jane Carlyle grew to become more and more sour and green with envy in her new function, placing extra pressure on their relationship.
In Russian literary marriages, although, the other halves of a few of the main recognized authors of all time didn't resent taking a “secondary position,” even though to name their place secondary doesn't do justice to the very important function those girls performed within the production of a few of the best literary works in history.
From Sophia Tolstoy to Vera Nabokov, Elena Bulgakov, Nadezdha Mandelstam, Anna Dostevsky, and Natalya Solzhenitsyn, those ladies ranged from stenographers and typists to editors, researchers, translators, or even publishers. residing below restrictive regimes, a lot of those ladies battled censorship and preserved the writers’ illicit information, frequently risking their very own lives to take action. They tested a practice all their very own, unrivaled within the West.
Many of those ladies have been the writers’ highbrow partners and made helpful contributions to the artistic strategy. And their husbands knew it. Leo Tolstoy made no mystery of Sofia’s involvement in warfare and Peace in his letters, and Vladimir Nabokov pointed out Vera as his personal “single shadow. ”
eight pages of black & white pictures
This examine of nonfiction written through 4 of nineteenth-century America's first expert ladies writers investigates the paradoxes posed through the clash in their texts with their lives. They weren't homemakers, but of their works they prescribed perfect domesticity for the ladies in their day. They weren't specialist educators, but they wrote authoritatively approximately academic concept and perform.
With the Civil Rights stream of the sixties clean of their viewpoint, motion picture manufacturers of the early Nineteen Seventies started to make motion pictures geared toward the underserved African American viewers. Over the following 5 years or so, a few cost effectively made, so-called blaxploitation videos featured African American actresses in roles which broke conventional molds.
- The Exalted Heroine and the Triumph of Order: Class, Women and Religion in the English Novel, 1740–1800
- The Rebellion of Miss Lucy Ann Lobdell
- Joan of Arc: Religious and Military Leader (Women of Achievement)
- Lydia Maria Child: The Quest for Racial Justice (Oxford Portraits)
Additional resources for Clever Girl: Elizabeth Bentley, the Spy Who Ushered in the McCarthy Era
4. See especially Firestone (1970), Mitchell (1974), and Zaretsky (1973). 5. Feminist theorists who stress psychological processes, for example, do not reject the notion of a distinct feminine personality. They disagree, however, with more conventional psychological theory about the social value of these gender differences or the inherent superiority of masculine personality traits. See, for example, Chodorow (1978) and Gilligan (1982). Explaining Women's Behavior I 25 Feminists have suggested two probable "causes" for women's subordination vis-a-vis men.
10 / Hard Choices among different cohorts at different ages. This table reveals an interesting difference between the baby boom mothers born between 1930 and 1940 and the baby boom offspring born between 1945 and 1959. Although only about 20 percent of the women in the older group were childless by the time they reached their late twenties, well over 30 percent of the younger group remained childless throughout their twenties. Among those born between 1945 and 1949, almost 20 percent were childless well into their thirties; for those born between 1950 and 1954, over 35 percent were still childless as they approached thirty.
As Milkman (1980:102) notes, The link between women's domestic labor and their wage labor, to which Marxist-feminists attribute the allocation of women to specific jobs, is actually an ideological link. There is nothing intrinsically "feminine" about the jobs women do as wage workers. Marxist feminists argue that women as a group form an underclass of exploited workers in the home and the workplace. Industrial capitalism makes all women, regardless of their husbands' or fathers' class positions, economically, socially, politically, and ultimately psychologically dependent upon men.