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Download Conscience: An Interdisciplinary View: Salzburg Colloquium by Lawrence Kohlberg (auth.), Gerhard Zecha, Paul Weingartner PDF

By Lawrence Kohlberg (auth.), Gerhard Zecha, Paul Weingartner (eds.)

Value switch and uncertainty in regards to the validity of conventional ethical convictions are often saw whilst medical re­ seek confronts us with new ethical difficulties or demanding situations the ethical accountability of the scientist. Which ethics is to be trusted? Which ideas are the main moderate, the main humane ones? For wish of an acceptable solution, ethical gurus of­ ten aspect to moral sense, the person sense of right and wrong, which seems man's precise, without delay available and ultimate resource of ethical competition. yet what's intended by means of 'conscience'? there's infrequently a inspiration as widespread and even as arguable as that of sense of right and wrong. within the heritage of ethics we will be able to distinguish numerous tendencies within the interpretation of the concept that and serve as of judgment of right and wrong. The Greeks used the observe O"uvEt81lm~ to indicate one of those 'accompa­ nying wisdom' that as a rule noted negatively skilled habit. In Latin, the expression conscientia intended a realizing­ jointly pointing past the person recognition to the typical wisdom of alternative humans. within the Bible, in particular within the New testomony, O"uvEt81l0"t~ is used for the guiding con­ sciousness of the morality of one's personal action.

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Additional info for Conscience: An Interdisciplinary View: Salzburg Colloquium on Ethics in the Sciences and Humanities

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This is the genuine imperative made by the conscience in its fundamental subjectorientation. In other words, the conscience's genuine and, therefore, primary interest is the moral goodness of the personal subject {l5 such. And it is solely this personal morality that is morality in the true and original meaning of this word. Every other use of the word is analogous, e. , 'moral rightness' in life, moral norms for acting, etc. It is, on the other hand, true that the subject always only fulfils itself when it emerges from itself and steps into the categorial object world and becomes responsibly active there.

Finally I have a short comment on Zecha's point about the consensus. In the area of knowledge I would not agree completely that we have never a consensus. In very difficult situations, if there is a cru- CONSCIENCE AS PRINCIPLED RESPONSIBILITY 25 cial experiment in physics, for example, very important physicists have to repeat it. Or think of the famous proof of the independence of the Continuum Hypothesis by Cohen, where the referees of the journal didn't know whether the proof was correct and only after Kreisel and Godel both said that it was correct, the paper was accepted for publication.

Naples 1951. 8 Cf. also the essay by K. Golser quoted above. 9 Cf. J. ', in J. Fuchs, Christian Ethics in a Secular Arena, Washington, D. C. 1984,48-67. 10 This is how I believe D. Capone's interpretation of Persona humana (1975) with regard to homosexuality (in: L'Osservatcre Romano of 28. Jan. 1976) and also his interpretation of Humanae vitae (in: Lateranum 44 (1978), 195-227) should be understood. 11 Cf. Vat. II, Gaudium et spes, n. 16. 12 Cf. J. Fuchs, 'The Question Addressed to Conscience', in J.

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