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Download Daughter of Heaven: The True Story of The Only Woman to by Nigel Cawthorne PDF

By Nigel Cawthorne

Daughter of Heaven is the sensational real tale of the single lady ever to rule China. She seduced her option to the throne of the main robust empire on this planet, she accomplished her enemies with out mercy, or even murdered her personal childrens for political achieve, and she or he held a ruthless reign of terror for over fifty years. A gripping tale of China's Cleopatra: a narrative of homicide, intercourse, love, energy, and revenge.

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The prefecture and the province each took their administrative cut and the remainder was sent on to the imperial coffers. qxd 6/7/2007 3:11 PM Page 35 THE LOTUS FLOWERS · 35 rebellion. However, the provincial cities were not rebuilt in the modern grid-iron style. Many of them were hundreds of years old and had winding streets like old European cities. Nevertheless strict control of the local citizens was maintained everywhere. In a centralized system perfected centuries before by the Han, the officials at every level were appointed by the throne and selected by examination.

Immediately inside the city wall was a ring-road eighty feet wide which was used to move defenders around the ramparts if the city came under siege. The whole city was widely spaced, built along avenues one hundred and fifty feet wide. The roadways were made of compacted earth. These were dusty during the dry season and muddy in the snow and rain, so pathways of white sand – brought from the Chan river by oxcart – were laid. These were reserved for the officials who went to court on horseback. In the case of principal ministers, the sand ran all the way to their front doorstep.

In a centralized system perfected centuries before by the Han, the officials at every level were appointed by the throne and selected by examination. They owed their allegiance directly to the Emperor and the Emperor alone. Although China did have a hereditary aristocracy, noble birth did not convey political power or territorial rights, only wealth. Its power had been curbed by the first Emperor Ch’in Shih huang-ti. Higher titles were restricted to the imperial household. Lower ones were bestowed by the Emperor as a reward to ministers or generals, but they were rarely used.

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