By United States Environmental Protection Agency
The observations articulated during this file and its appendices signify Ross & affiliates' interpretation of the learn, case examine details, and interviews with lean specialists and don't inevitably signify the reviews of the companies or lean specialists interviewed or researched as a part of this attempt. U.S. Environmental defense corporation (EPA) representatives have reviewed and licensed this record, yet this doesn't inevitably represent EPA endorsement of the observations or innovations awarded during this record.
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Extra resources for Lean Manufacturing and the Environment
Small additions to lean methods, such as incorporating questions or design criteria that encourage teams to identify and consider options to reduce risk and pollution endpoints during kaizen and 3P events, create opportunities to achieve more environmental improvement faster. The more time that elapses before this integration occurs, the more environmental improvement opportunities will be left unrealized. In addition, it may become more challenging to leverage modifications to lean methods once they have been firmly established in numerous industries and companies and if lean promotion networks fragment to focus on specific industries or geographical regions.
For the most part, environmental regulations and relevant guidance evolved to address conventional mass production processes, where large pieces of equipment are installed and remain in a fixed location. Right-sized machines, on the other hand, are often built on wheels or easy to move skids to increase production flexibility. As such, a mobile, right-sized environment, where multiple small and mobile paint booths and parts degreasers are spread around the plant floor can trigger the need for new compliance strategies to meet regulatory requirements.
The research suggests that companies implementing advanced manufacturing systems are likely to emphasize pollution prevention over control equipment in meeting air emissions requirements. In this study, lean plants reported that 53 percent of their air emission reductions over a year were achieved through pollution prevention, compared to less than 37 percent for non-lean facilities (which relied more heavily on end-of-pipe pollution control equipment). This is not surprising given lean thinking’s focus on eliminating non-value added capital investments.